How To

Stress Management Activities

What Is Stress Management?

First of all let’s understand the basic meaning of Stress! We all deal with stress in our lives from time to time. From pressures at work to pressures at home, stress happens. The good news is that we can do something about it. Stress doesn’t have to be debilitating and we don’t have to feel overwhelmed by the effects of stress. There are a number of stress management techniques that are simple and can help calm and relax you when the stress sets in.

Stress management begins by taking the time to figure out what the sources of stress are in your life. More often than not, it is your own thoughts and feelings that cause the highest amount of stress. You may be feeling as if your work isn’t good enough, or worried the bills won’t get paid, or begin procrastinating instead of staying focused.

One great stress management technique to start putting to practice is keeping a stress log or journal. Jot down the everyday things that cause you to feel stress or pressure. By starting to pay attention to your thoughts, feelings, and reactions you can help manage your stress more effectively. In the long run, you may be able to eliminate your own stress inducing behaviors.
Another of the stress management techniques is in learning to say “no”. Many times we bring on stress by taking on way more than we are capable of. Learn your limits and stick with them. If you have four or five projects in the works and they are taking up all your time, do not take on a sixth project. Be firm and realize it is better to do a great job on five projects, then do mediocre work on six.

Stress management techniques begin with learning the things that stress you out in the first place. Once you know the main causes of stress, you can take steps to eliminate and reduce those factors in your life.

When Stress Management is a Must:

No one likes to be around a stressed person. They are tired, irritable, and unpleasant to be around. No one likes to be around you when you are stressed because of these reasons too. Stress management techniques have been developed to help people relax and calm down. There is more to stress than being unpleasant to be around, it is also dangerous for your health. Did you know that too much stress can kill you?

stress management techniques for studentsStress causes your body to react leaving you feeling physical pain. Achy, sore, and tense shoulders and back are a cause of stress. The blood pressure starts to rise and the heart rate increases, over time this can cause permanent damage. Other symptoms include headaches, tired eyes, loss of sleep, digestive problems, and so on and so forth.

Learning stress management techniques is a must for people suffering physical ailments. If you have high blood pressure, you know it’s important to keep your stress level down to a minimum. Stress management is also important for people who work high pressure, stressful jobs. Of course, any job can be stressful if we allow it to be, but some jobs are geared toward stressful situations. For instance, police or firefighters; stock brokers; and air traffic controllers all have high stress jobs.

Everyone can benefit from stress management techniques and relaxation exercises. No matter what life throws at you, stress can be controlled and managed. We don’t have to spend each and every day on the brink of insanity. Situations can be handled and controlled and left if necessary, even if only for a few minutes. There is nothing given to us that we cannot handle and we can handle them cool, calm, and collected.

What Are The Best Stress Management Techniques for Students?

There are healthy ways to deal with stress and there are unhealthy ways to deal with stress. Finding the best stress management techniques is a goal everyone should strive for. Unhealthy stress management techniques include; smoking, drinking, zoning out and ignoring the issues, sleeping it off, and lashing out at others. These methods are not only unhealthy, they don’t solve anything and usually make the stressful situations even worse.

Strive for healthy stress management techniques. Ones that help solve the issues and eliminate the stress altogether. Stress happens and it needs to be dealt with or it will only get worse. Below are some of the best stress management techniques.

The first stress management technique is to take all the extra tasks and chores off your plate. Learn to say ‘no’ when you are too busy or your plate is filling up. Look at your to do list and concentrate only on those tasks that need to be done now; you don’t have to complete your entire list in one day. Learn how to manage your time. Don’t spend a great deal of time on one task and don’t over analyze your work. Most people do a fine job the first time and then analyze the project to death but never make any changes because it was perfect the first time.

Stay away from negative people or people who cause you stress. If there are certain people in the office that know how to push your buttons avoid them. Stay out of office debates if you know you will stay upset all day. Find ways to take control of your environment and you will reduce a lot of unnecessary stress.

Talk your feelings over with someone. Leaving things bottled up can cause unneeded stress in your life. Be assertive and stand up for yourself as well; don’t let others walk all over you.

Learning helpful stress management techniques can help reduce the stress in your life. Once you know what causes you stress, you can take steps to make changes. Working towards a stress free life is a goal anyone can strive for.

Best Stress Management Activities:

How To Manage Stress? Basic Stress Management Techniques

Managing the stress that plaques are daily life can be a challenge. Why are some people so good at staying calm in stressful situation, while other people are pulling out their hair? Basic stress management techniques are the key to staying calm while everyone else is screaming.

One of the many stress management technique is learning to control those things you can and let go of the things you can’t. You can’t control every situation that comes your way, but you can control your reaction to that situation. You can plan the most perfect picnic in the park, but you can’t control who will show up and who won’t, and you can’t control the weather. If it rains on your picnic day, it is out of your control. You can panic, run around screaming, and curse the sky; or, you can laugh it off and put up a large tent or move the picnic inside. The amount of stress that you allow to affect you is the amount you will feel.

There are many stress management techniques that will work just as well. Meditation and yoga can help relax you when things get out of hand. Taking a short break or brisk walk for a few minutes; leaving the stressful situation behind. Asking for help or just talking out what you are feeling can help alleviate the overwhelming sensation inside you.

Stress management techniques are something that can be learned. Some people are born to naturally deal with stress better than others, but we can teach ourselves to think different. You can take a bad situation and make the best out of it, or you can stress out and possibly make it worse. The choice is always yours.

Stress Management Activities
Stress Management Activities

How To Manage Your Stress On a Daily Basis?

Stress happens on a daily basis, so learning stress management techniques for daily use is a must. Stress can start early in the morning and continue until bedtime, but learning techniques to control it can be a necessary step toward a stress free lifestyle.

An important factor is managing stress is finding out what it is that causes the most stress in your life. Are you always running late? Maybe set all the clocks in the house ahead 10-20 minutes. Are you overwhelmed by your to do list? Try organizing the list by priorities instead of trying to tackle the entire thing in one sitting. Traffic getting you down? Try taking different ways to work, they may be the long way around but traffic could be lighter and you arrive at work without the headache.

Managing stress is as simple as finding those techniques that work best for you and applying them when stress starts to get you. If you can figure out the stress triggers, you can implement stress management techniques at the onset.

Work is the number one stress in most people’s lives. Figure out what triggers the stress there and then work out techniques to deal with them. Too many projects? Delegate or ask for help. You don’t have to try and do everything yourself; that is why you have co-workers to help you out. Learn how to say no when you start to feel overwhelmed; you don’t have to take on every single project. If you are feeling overwhelmed, share those feelings with your supervisor so they can help spread out the work.

You don’t have to live with stress. Stress management techniques can help you relax. Even if you just take a few deep breaths at your desk, you are releasing stress. No one wants to live with stress, so stop forcing yourself too.


It’s common knowledge that eating a high fat diet can have a negative impact on your health in the long run. It can lead to obesity, high blood pressure, heart disease and other ailments. But can a single high fat meal also have a negative impact on your body’s ability to perform normally? A recent study indicates that it can.

A recent study shows that eating a single high fat breakfast can negatively impact your body’s ability to handle various stressful situations. The test group was exposed to 4 different types of stressful conditions, while their blood pressure, heart rate and blood vessel resistance was monitored.

The group eating the high fat breakfast reacted more strongly to the stressful situations. Their bodies did not adapt as well to the stress that they were exposed to.

Although the study concludes that additional research is needed, it would be wise to consider these results when you are planning your meals. You should especially keep the results in mind when you are under a lot of stress.

If you are preparing for a stressful event, you may want to play it safe and eat healthy just in case. Next time you have a really bad day or do not seem to be handling stress as easily as normal, you may want to evaluate what you had for breakfast. Perform your own test and make your own decision.

How to Repair Damaged Hair

Hair Is Alive And Can Be Revitalized!

Nowadays we all want to make our hair look great by using different methods for taking care of hair, such as highlighting, diving and putting different cheap low-quality sprays and gels on it. All of these can damage our hair and leave some consequences and bad effects. The fact is that hair is alive and can easily be damaged, if we use wrong products. But on the other hand, it can be revitalized too!

Moisturizing Is The Best Treatment

You want to use the best quality products, while your hair is alive and need the best treatment to be healthy.

The hair which is not moisturized enough is dull and death looking. That is why it is so important to moisturize your hair with effective products, which you use every day and should actually leave some results. This is the reason why you should prefer professional rather than cheap products when it comes to hair shampoo, conditioner or masque.

The Best Product to use for Damaged Hair:

It is extremely important to use a masque that has natural oils which bring moisture to your hair. If the hair has enough moisture it is more flexible, shiny and smooth. Macadamia Deep Repair Masque has a lot of these oils and will leave your hair silky soft. If your hair is a mess, then you should try out this product.

How to deal with long hair


Long hair totally embodies the female charm. If you wear a beautiful and healthy lace front wig hair, you may attract men’s attention. Learn more about what to do with your long hair and it will help you a lot.Identification. For women of all ages, extensive hair streaming hair is scheduled as the level of the make. For men, this distinction is rather conservative: hair over 1.75 in. extensive hair is thought to be. In the Seventies, large Afros were popular. Hippies of both genders used extensive hair separated in the middle to. The Broadway musical technology “Hair” provided to many characters, men and ladies, with very solid extensive hair as a mark of resourceful independence and unimpeded return to characteristics that many recognized in this period. Factors such as the one with straight hair, ugly or prepared will effect the best hairstyle and lasting.

Dry hair is soft; it will be a minor products and deep health. Cut the divided stops will affect in one carefully. Cut hair at least once every three months. Curly hair can frizz and need ac, which can only be at the actual and not the head where hair thinning and build the product to be used is hard and unsightly.Sebum is an oil on the skin and can be passed to obtain hair conditioners are large. Select a light-weight hair restorative, cleansing or a light-weight cream on the hair apply, which is at the bottom of the hair near the head. Very solid, extensive hair can be cut to cut tiers and a large layer of hair camouflaging her experience to steer clear of. Girls can get away with using their hair solid, extensive and full lace wig. Most parents will discover the design too a chance to worry. Opt for a extensive cut in tiers that structure the experience and make a sense of lightness, as there is less mass, basically, and weight.

how to repair damaged hairA common myth is that extensive hair is specifically ladies of all ages under 4 decades. This may have been the the usual understanding, but as the seniors of Half a century, however, women of all ages in the activity extensive hair divided fashion variations. It is no longer required for the hair cut make size or smaller, if a woman in 4 decades. Men, on the other hand, more independence, and hair can be extensive and that even in the Seventies, when hippies have extensive hair was modern for both genders. Depending on the area where you operate, the extensive hair on men is just a hint of subversive routines.

People from all of all ages used his hair past his make, and even in genuine ponytail. Despite modern social mores allow, in general, in the U.S. for men and ladies in the activity extensive hair, understand them, if extensive hair is actually its strength. Some variations for men are cut around the head and neck and have a size, giving the appearance of extensive hair with tiers and how lax. You can promote a tendency, just extensive hair, just because you can grow your hair such a extensive time – but in reality, the effect is severe professionalism, reliability, trust, and incorrect. There are programs available that overlap different styles on a photo of your experience, so you can see which design is very becoming. No matter the design or size you select, keep your hair in excellent condition: products at least every two times, to steer clear of increased strike drying, styling clubs or chemical substances and forever cut every 90 times. Condition your hair thoroughly once a week or more if your hair is very dry or live in a dry place. The feature of youngsters is unable to use the hair size, but the potential of what you have in your like. This guarantees that the trust is relaxing and at any age.

Some Types of Hair Care

Hair care for women including one of the things that must be done. So that not a few women who tried in various ways in order to have interesting hair and beautiful views.

Hair care is one type of activity that many women do, because in addition to more practical and cheaper, there are several types of treatments that can do them yourself at home. So, they need not obliged to a salon to do some hair care.

One of the most widely used as a destination for women to do the hair care in the salon, For one thing, the hair care salon has many variations and options at an affordable price.

There are several types of hair care that many women do. Among them are:

  1. Cream bath. Hair care is like shampooing but uses a special material replacement shampoo. in addition to more thoroughly with Cream bath more customers are pampered with comfortable massage section head at the same time as the relaxation of existing nerve head.
  2. Rebounding. Is the type of care that much-loved woman, This hair treatment is to create straight hair that looks more and more impressed fell so loose
  3. Hair Polish, This is a great way to create different hair color with the original color. So that would make a person more easily visible and tend to be the center of attention.
  4. Hair mask, Is a way to strengthen and soften hair, especially damaged hair by providing nutrients to the hair shaft, Fibers contain many nutrients that are rich in protein.

Welcome to the wonderful world of raising Koi fish in your outdoor koi fish pond.

While this is a “hobby” that takes time, effort, and patience, more and more people are finding Koi ponds to be a great investment not only because of their enthusiasm for the fish, but for the koi fish pond itself -the sense of escape, of peace, of harmony that a good Koi pond can bring a person. For many, having a koi fish pond is like having a wilderness temple all to themselves. That escape from stress and the rigors of an increasingly busy and stressful society can be one of the many major benefits of an outdoor Koi pond.Koi Fish Pond

While there are other types of small koi fish ponds or water decorations for a garden, the Koi ponds offer the additional bonus of beautiful fish that add a beauty that a birdbath or natural garden pond just cannot match. The outdoor Koi ponds are designed specifically for two purposes, which are:

A) To provide a safe and healthy environment for your Koi

B) To provide a “clear as glass” water surface to give the owner a clear view of these beautiful and amazing fish.

The ideal outdoor koi fish pond is one that satisfies both of these criteria. You can have perfectly healthy fish in a darker water pond, or vice-versa, with unhealthy and suffering fish in crystal clear water. The ideal situation is to not have either of those situations, but to have the best of both worlds with healthy fish and clear water: which will add to the tranquility and enjoyment of having a Koi fish pond. There are different ways to do this, and the explosion of members in “Koi clubs” has made advice on these matters much easier to find than in the past, but this book will cover some of the most popular and conventional methods for going about this, as well as everything else you will need to know in order to be prepared for the perfect backyard addition.

Building a Koi Fish Pond – How to build a Koi Pond

Following steps will give you important tips on how to build koi pond:

Part I. Counting the Cost

Building an outdoor koi fish pond is by no means a small project. Even if you don’t have plans to landscape Koi Pondyour entire yard into a plush garden with an elaborate pond as a centerpiece, and instead have in mind a small pond tucked into the corner of your yard, this is still true. There are moving parts that if not taken into account can significantly complicate, even frustrate your enthusiastic efforts and leaving you feeling discouraged and overwhelmed. As with anything, a degree of planning and counting the cost is involved.

Once we get past the excitement that comes with deciding that we want to build an outdoor koi pond, the next logical step is to find out if this is feasible. Do you have the time and the resources to devote to this project? Do you have the proper space to incorporate this pond into your garden or backyard? What sort of research have you done on outdoor koi ponds in order to have a clear idea what sort of pond you would like to install?

You will have to consider what this project will mean in cost of materials, manpower and in subsequent expenses associated with general upkeep of the pond as well as those associated with the care of your koi. Taking these necessary first steps before you go out and buy materials will save you both time and extra expense in the long run and leave you feeling that you spent your money wisely and to maximum effect in bringing this beautiful project to life.

Some of the following points should be considered before you commence with your building project. They are mentioned here only briefly as each will be covered at greater length in the following chapters.

• What is your budget?
• Excavation -Do you hire a contractor or do it yourself?
• What kind of materials will you use?
Koi Pond Design -Basic or Complex?
• Filtration system -biological koi pond filters, waterfalls for aeration
Koi Pond Maintenance -cost of chemicals, water testing, etc.
• Landscaping choices

Part II. Consulting the Experts

Another important aspect to planning this project is seeking out those who have already taken the plunge and currently have outdoor koi ponds. One would think that this would be an obvious step, but many move forward blindly without taking the necessary time in order to gain a clear picture of what they will be getting into.

Koi clubs, for instance, are a viable means to gain access to private ponds and gardens. By doing this you can take some of the uncertainty out of your koi pond design choices and also find out what sort of filtration and plumbing system work the best -or at the very least get a stronger grasp of the variations and to make informed decisions and, hopefully, avoid costly mistakes. Online groups and owners of fish stores that deal with koi and know about their natural habitats as well as how to manage them in the artificial pond environment can provide valuable insights into both the process of building as well as share some of the pitfalls one can encounter. If you feel you have researched the subject thoroughly enough and, hopefully, gotten some advice from those who know the ponds then you are ready to begin.

Part III: A Healthy Environment:

Several considerations have to be taken into account when building a koi fish pond. Some of the most important aspects of the koi pond design that cannot be overlooked include:

1. The size of the pond -You want it to hold a minimum or 500 gallons of water, and most Koi experts will tell you bigger is better.
2. The Depth is also a concern -Think of 36 inches as a minimum, but deeper is also considered better.
3. Straight walls -These not only provide a larger potential area for your Koi, but also act as protection from local predators.
4. One or more bottom drains, and a bottom that slopes towards those drains and away from any incoming water (such as any waterfalls you add)
5. Some form of a surface skimmer to help keep the pond clean. Some Koi experts have suggested that a pool or spa skimmer with a “weir” work the best.
6. A biological filtration system. Maybe the most challenging part of building a Koi pond is the responsibility it creates. For the pond to be successful, you need to install an entire functional ecosystem. A good koi fish pond should be able to manage to strike a good balance between:

A) Aesthetics
B) Ease and effectiveness of koi pond maintenance
C) A healthy environment for the Koi

For many Koi pond owners, the process of creating, and then maintaining, that balance can create a calming peaceful effect, akin to meditation. By building a Koi pond, you will be creating a miniature world of water, koi pond plants, and animals. The location of the pond is obviously important -you don’t want it to look out of place, since that would interrupt the peaceful feelings that are a large reward to creating and maintaining a Koi pond. The far majority of Koi owners will tell you that the pond should be somewhere that can receive mild lighting at night, be visible from the house, and have a place where you can sit and relax nearby. The tranquility of the Koi pond is pointless, after all, if you can’t enjoy it!

As stated earlier, in order to have a healthy Koi pond environment you need a biological koi pond filters, a source of aeration, a circulation koi pond pumps, and enough space so your Koi are free to mature and grow without constraint. The filtration system purifies the water and keeps waste out of the pond. An aerator, such as a waterfall, pushes air into the water. This has several benefits, as the fish will have oxygen and the aerator prevents the water from stagnating. A waterfall is probably one of the most popular methods, as it also adds an additional aesthetic quality to your Koi pond.

The circulation koi pond pumps should move the water through the koi pond filters and aerator. This cycle is necessary for your Koi pond and is the backbone of your newly created ecosystem. This will lead to ongoing expenses in electricity, as well as koi pond filter materials, and needs to be balanced to be affordable to you while keeping the pond and Koi healthy. The best way to figure out how to design your Koi pond to be affordable while keeping these necessities in mind is to consult an expert, or another pond owner. This way the koi pond design you install is as efficient as possible while remaining affordable.

Earlier you saw the recommended numbers at 500 gallons. You can have a smaller pond, but there are still some limitations on minimum size. The absolute minimum depth is at least three feet, and must be able to hold 50 to 60 gallons of water, which is recommended for every eight to ten inch Koi. Keep in mind, though, that it is best to have at least three Koi since they are social fish that do best in a community.

On the plus side, your Koi will not grow to be larger than the pond can support. Since the environment will dictate their eventual size, you should figure out what size you want them to attain before planning the size of your pond. If you’re not quite sure which way to go, plan to make your pond a little bigger rather than smaller, and for most Koi pond owners that tends to turn out to be the right size for them.

Another matter to concern yourself with is local animals. Depending where you live, there are various animals that might act as predators including, but not limited to: cats, ducks, raccoons, or other birds. When you design a Koi pond, you will want to design the landscaping so your fish will have hiding places from these, or any other type of predator.

Part IV: Building & Landscaping Considerations:

First and foremost, before you start building, it is an absolute necessity that you call your local building How to build a Koi Pondinspector to learn what the local building codes are, and to find out what you actually can do. There would be nothing worse than having large plans laid out for your first Koi pond, only to find out that after ordering your materials, your plan is in violation of the local building codes. The rules vary from place to place. In some areas, all ponds are classified as swimming pools, and so have the exact same requirements. Other places have limits on the size of the pond, allowed drainage, above or below ground, or even whether you can do it yourself or need to hire professionals. You will usually need to stay a certain distance from the property lines. Some of these rules may constrain your options and so affect what you decide to do.

Before you decide where your pond will go, find out about buried utilities. Most areas will have a free service where you can call them up and they will come out and mark your lawn wherever your buried gas, electric, phone, cable, water and other lines are. This is crucial. Do not guess, don’t assume you can figure it out: let the professionals do their jobs. Bravado isn’t worth your life.

There are several options for what materials to use in constructing a pond, though the most popular seems to be EPDM liner. Concrete and Fiber glass can also be used to line ponds, though that can be expensive to install and much more planning needs to go into materials, design, and everything else. Koi pond liner tend to be less costly. Many Koi pond liners available have a life expectancy of ten to twenty years. The life expectancy varies from one manufacturer to another, and so the best option here is to look up the nearest Koi club and join up. There you will be able to find individuals with the expertise on who to buy from and which brand suits your need.

If you decide to go this route and buy a liner koi fish pond, make sure to dig the pond before you purchase the koi pond liners. This is very important because now you can accurately measure the pond and purchase the proper sized koi pond liners. Otherwise if your original idea was for a pond that measured 10’x10’x4′ but then part way through you changed your mind and ended up digging a 10’x 15’x5′ pond, you would now be stuck with a liner that is too small and everything would be messed up, including measurements for other essential equipment such as koi pond filters and koi pond pumps.

While speaking briefly about koi pond filters and koi pond pumps, one piece of equipment very few ponds have, but is useful, is a protein skimmer. These help reduce the amount of organic wastes that come from the foam under your waterfall, uneaten koi fish food, etc. Also, you would be amazed at the surprising amount of debris that ends up in the bottom of the pond. It is strongly recommend a bottom drain be installed.

Location has a big factor in protecting your Koi from predators. For example, a single Great Blue Heron is capable of eating over one hundred six-inch Koi in just a single meal. Most Koi owners don’t like the idea of bird netting (and understandably so, since it detracts dramatically from the overall appearance) then when you have your koi pond design you need to figure in some type of a structure, like a pergola, that is built over the pond. These also have the added advantage of giving your Koi much needed shade, while (if done right) not detracting from any of the natural beauty and calmness a Koi pond should be able to provide an owner.

Part V: Oxygen Sources


Oxygen comes from the movement of water. Koi are not meant to be in stagnant water, only in water with movement, since water will also bring the extra oxygen they need. A waterfall is not only the most efficient way to supply this oxygen, but it is also very visually appealing, not to mention the beautiful sounds a waterfall makes, one of the few types of sounds that can send you into a meditative bliss. A fountain can also work, as does any method of exposing water to the air, but a fountain can disturb the water surface so much that one cannot view the Koi, which really defeats the purpose.

The Koi must have oxygen and the biological koi pond filter needs even twice the amount that the Koi do. They also must have oxygen 24 hours a day. This is critical. A power outage of more than half a day (12 hours) will result in your Koi coming to the surface gasping for air, and eventually dying. Your first thought might be, what about koi pond plants providing oxygen at night? Nope. Plants provide oxygen during the day when there is sunlight, but use up oxygen at night. Therefore plants are:

1. Competing with Koi for oxygen at night
2. Causing stress to the Koi by affecting more rapid pH changes between day and night. Plants utilize carbon dioxide during the day but excrete it afterdark. This does not mean that you cannot have water plants in your Koi pond; it is possible to strike up a perfect balance, though many truly hardcore Koi enthusiasts do not have plants in their ponds because:

• The Koi hide under them
• They encourage the Koi to spawn and lay eggs that attach to the plants
• As the Koi grow, they eat the plants. What are the ideal requirements of a waterfall? The longer and broader the waterfall, the greater the aeration. This is the goal, and this is what you want. The larger the area of water surface broken up by the waterfall entering the pond, the better. The entrance area of the waterfall into the pond needs to be a direct drop of a few inches otherwise the water will shoot directly across the surface and two things can happen:

A. It will not mix oxygen into the depths, and
B. It will roughen the water surface thereby obstructing the viewing of the Koi. Do not forget: Waterfall needs to run 24 hours a day, even at night.

Water Jets:

Koi are a fish whose natural habitat is a running stream, meaning that a great Koi fish pond is one that does everything possible to simulate their natural environment. In a water current provided by jets, the Koi swim more, building up their strength, and therefore improving their shape, their health, and their resistance to disease. It also minimizes dead areas, and pushes debris toward the bottom drains.

Water jets should be added in addition to a waterfall. To make a jet, T-off a one half to one-inch flexible PVC pipe from the pipe returning filtered water to the waterfall. Put in a valve to control the amount of flow on each pipe going to a jet. It is ideal to have at least two jets, one 18 inches deep and one at a deeper level. A pond four feet deep or more should have a bottom jet. In the winter, when Koi are inactive, shut off the deep-water jets.

The water jets need to all be pointed in the same direction, so the water current all flows in the same direction. The experts contend that Koi all tend to swim counter-clockwise. Therefore, this is the best direction to direct the jets. Coordinate this with the waterfall so that the two are not opposing each other.


Koi tend to jump at times. This is especially true when:

1. Koi are new.
2. New Koi are put in the koi fish pond in the evening.
3. Koi have parasites.
4. Water quality is poor, irritating their exteriors or gills. Almost all Koi owners at some point have gone out in the morning to find one of their Koi on the lawn. Koi can be revived even after out of the water more than an hour. Sometimes, by working their gills under the waterfall the Koi will revive, even
after looking very stiff, dry, and dead.

The following encourages Koi to stay in the pond even if they do jump:

• Keep the water level six inches down from the top of the pond edge.
• Do not slope the sides of the koi fish pond but have them go straight down for at least the first two feet of depth. This prevents a running start by the Koi.
• Some even put a lip overlapping the edge of the pond so that if the Koi do zoom along the sides and jump, they will hit the lip and stay in the pond.
• If Koi do manage to jump out, they will try to flop back in.

You want to minimize the elevation of the pond edge, keeping the surrounding water out but still allowing an errant Koi to flop back into the pond.

Part VI: Koi Pond Filters

Koi Fish PondOne very interesting koi pond filter is called a “bubble bead filter” and the smaller model looks like a big hourglass that stands six feet tall. The newer model has the hourglass part enclosed so the whole thing actually looks like a water heater. There are many floating beads in it and as water flows up through this contraption debris is trapped. There are many variations as far as size and shape, but the principles are the same.

Bacteria form on the small fiberglass balls and serve the purpose of a biological koi pond filters. The beauty of the koi pond filters is that all you have to do to clean it is cut the pump off. Open a valve or two to drain the koi pond filter and you are done with your maintenance of the koi pond filters. You don’t have to clean brushes, or filter pads.

The down side of the bubble bead koi pond filters is that if the pump is idle for 45 minutes or so the useful bacteria die and anaerobic bacteria multiply. There are those who believe that toxic material can be produced in the koi pond filters and can, under proper circumstances, be harmful to your fish. One problem that developed with the earlier bubble bead koi pond filters is that if the owner did not clean frequently enough, the beads would clump up in the top of the koi pond filters and needed to be broken loose mechanically. Since then many of the newer koi pond filters have air pumps, or water pumps inside that force air or water into the beads to break them loose. It is so easy to clean that a daily cleaning usually only takes two or three minutes, making that part of koi pond maintenance much easier.

Landscaping for Koi Pond

Choosing plants for the area in and around your pond is an important concern for multiple reasons.

Aquatic plants should be surrounded with a protective barrier because Koi will nibble at them. Still, aquatic plants work well to provide cover for your Koi if somehow a predator manages to get into the ecosystem. Ground plants work well as a way of camouflaging the koi pond pumps and koi pond filters, allowing for the full aesthetic effect that you desire.

While there are plenty of options, you also have a series of factors to consider. One obvious aspect is the aesthetic value. Each person has their own preference for appearance, and the Koi pond and surrounding garden should be made to your standards, because you are the one who will be maintaining it, and you are the one who should enjoy it. The plants will help bring the type of ambiance you want to build.

There are a lot of web sites to find fake rocks for landscaping. While the instinct may be to go natural, using fake rocks can help to preserve the ecosystem, since there is no danger of bringing in unknown algae, toxins, or microscopic pests. The general consensus even seems to be that the fake rocks are a good idea, and are done well enough that the difference visually is negligible. While it is always your choice in the end, the fake rocks are not a bad way to go, and if the thought of having fake rocks bothers you, find a Koi expert in your area to discuss. The expert will be able to give you all the pros and cons, and help you make the best-informed decision based on your individual situation.

Algae are not good for Koi fish ponds. While it is possible to have a pond full of algae and still have healthy Koi, algae can also cause a lot of problems, and more often than not, does just that. In addition, one of the main points of having a pond is because the clear waters make a beautiful, pristine environment that feature some of the most gorgeous fish that can be found on the entire planet. What good is having beautiful Koi if you can’t see past the green, algae choked water? Most Koi pond enthusiasts would also agree that algae infested water simply does not bring the same beauty, and what good is an “okay” place to go to relax?

The issue of how to deal with algae varies, depending on the type, amount, and situation. One of the most popular methods is to include in your pond tiny bottom-feeding fish that can get along with your Koi, or even snails into your ecosystem to keep the pond vital and minimize algae. Another key point is prevention. If you construct your pond so that is heavily shaded, that will not only strongly inhibit algae growth, but also maintain the color of the Koi and keep the water cooler.

While there are a lot of stores that will always have items to sell, it is best to take as detailed notes and observations, and to find other Koi enthusiasts who have dealt with the same problems who can offer solutions, or at the worst, tell you exactly what not to do, which sometimes can be just as important.

The Best Koi Fish for Koi Pond

After the landscaping and building of your Koi pond is complete, the next step is obvious; you need to find which type of Koi best suits your particular pond. Many varieties of Koi come in almost every color. Certain species are also very expensive, running in the thousands of dollars for one fish. Many Koi enthusiasts will tell you that Koi are almost indescribable because of their brilliant colors and unique patterns. In addition, these fish enjoy nothing more than coming up and taking a cracker or piece of bread out of a child’s hand! Often times they will be waiting near the shore for their owner to arrive, and they are, without competition, the most personable of fish.

There are almost countless species and types of Koi, but here’s a brief list of some of the more popular general varieties:

1) Kohaku – Characterized by their red blots on a white background. A pattern to look for include the symmetry of red blots, whiteness of the white background. The lips and eyes are forbidden to have any redness, since when this group was bred redness on the lip signified wearing lipstick, a symbol of a prostitute in old Japan. These fish are more rare and can be worth thousands.

2) Taishosanke -Has red, white, and black coloring. The more beautiful ones have a nice pattern that includes speckles of black dots. Symmetry and balance of fins are also stressed.

3) Showa -These Koi are only black. They make up for the lack of patterned colors by having a black color that seems to almost shine. In old Japan, the importance of having one Showa in a koi fish pond was to balance out the white and red colors. The Japanese believed that a Showa represents the evils and therefore keeps the force of world balanced against white Koi fish, which represents the goods. While a Showa adds great diversity to the Koi pond, the one major drawback that has been noted is that they tend to lose color each year, so the water quality is extremely important.

4) German species -These Koi are scale-less, and as the name indicates, were bred outside of Japan later by breeding Koi with a German carp. This type is most known for usually having blue skin with a small spattering of orange speckles on the side.

Koi in general have many different colors, including white, black, blue, purple, red, green, yellow, and cream. In addition to the amazing variance of colors, Koi can also have a metallic sheen to its scales. There is also a scaleless version for nearly every Koi and Japanese koi fish breeders call it Doitsu (German). This is the earlier aforementioned “German Koi”, and breeders created the scaleless versions by crossbreeding the Nishikigoi with German mirrored carp.

These major Koi Fish varieties include:

• Kohaku -a white-skinned Koi, with a red pattern
• Taisho Sanshoku (Sanke) -a white-skinned Koi with a red and black pattern
• Showa Sanshoku (Showa) -a black-skinned Koi
• Asagi -a Koi with light blue scales on its top and red scales on its bottom
• Shusui -the partially scaled version of an Asagi
• Bekko -a white, red, or yellow-skinned Koi with a black pattern
• Utsurimono -a black Koi with a red, white, or yellow pattern
• Goshiki -a mostly black Koi with red, white, brown, and blue accents
• Ogon -a Koi that is one solid color, it can be regular or metallic; known colors -red, orange, platinum, yellow and cream
• KinGinRin -Koi with shiny scales

All of these fish are still referred to be the generic term “Koi,” but each has a different appearance and therefore will give your Koi pond environment an entirely different look and feel. That is part of the reason research and pre-planning is so important. Thinking these questions through ahead of time will allow the perfect Koi to be matched with the perfect backyard pond.

Water Maintenance for your Koi Pond

Maintaining a good environment for your Koi is of great necessity.

Japanese koi pondLike a regular fish tank, a Koi fish pond needs regular cleaning and maintenance. Uneaten koi fish food collects at the bottom of the pond and, as it decays, can produce chemicals that are actually toxic to the Koi. Skimming uneaten koi fish food off the surface after five minutes or so is one way to minimize this waste. Draining about ten percent of the water from the pond and replacing it regularly can also minimize this. The water you drain from the pond is rich fertilizer for your house and garden plants.

Koi are strong fish, with good resistance to most sickness and disease. As long as the environment they are in remains normal and healthy, your Koi should do well. There are some basic tips and tools to keep the water clean and healthy:

1. Keep your pond free of coins. A Koi pond is not a wishing well, and coins are toxic to the fish. Resist any temptation to throw in even a single penny.

2. Chlorinated water is hazardous to fish, and needs to be neutralized before being put into your pond. This is especially a concern for city water.

3. Keep your pond aerated and filtered 24 hours a day. Don’t bring down the defenses for even a moment. Proper equipment for these tasks is easy to find at several retail stores.

4. Keep your pond clean of debris on the bottom. Debris can come from falling leaves, from blowing bits of seeds and pollen, or just from the leftover crumbs after a feeding. All of this needs to be cleaned.

5. Have a chloramine remover to use whenever you add fresh tap water. Once again, most cities have chloramine in their tap water, and so it is necessary to neutralize it to avoid inadvertently harming your Koi.

6. Have a consistent schedule to test the pond for any type of irregularity, whether it’s chloramine, pH balance, ammonia, or anything else: this is especially important after adding water.

7. Change or add new water about every three to four weeks, and be sure to see tip #6 for every time you do this.

8. Keep an eye out for parasites. Use Dylox every three months to kill parasites and prevent new ones from coming in.

9. Keep a schedule to clean the koi pond filters. All koi pond filters need to be cleaned every so often, even if the water looks crystal clear.

10. Have medication on hand for emergencies, as well as air pumps, water pumps, and other necessary equipment to handle unforeseen circumstances.

11. It is a good idea to have a spare tank for use as a quarantine to treat sick Koi. Remember any side tank or pond still needs a filter and to be aerated. This way any parasites or sickness won’t spread to your other Koi, while the sick fish can still be nursed back to health. A common mistake made by many first time builders of a Koi pond is to use the same filter that a swimming pool uses. Using a swimming pool filter is not a very good idea for a Koi pond for several reasons. One is that the swimming pool filter systems do not work well on Koi ponds because they are designed for
mechanical and chemical filtration of water, and not so much on the biological considerations. Swimming pool filter pumps rely on a pump that operates for so much time every day. In addition, pumps that are used for biological filters have to run 24 hours a day. If you use a swimming pool filter, not only will it not do a good enough job, but also the jump in your electric bill will probably wipe out all the sense of peace and harmony that came from having a Koi pond.

There are a lot of biological koi pond filters offered through a variety of retailers that provide koi pond supplies and koi pond kits. Some of these are very good products, others aren’t. The point of the retailer is to get you to buy his/her item, so a good method is to talk to other individuals who have had a successful Koi pond for years. They will be able to give you a much more accurate idea of what to buy, what to avoid, and all the other information you need in between.

After getting good advice from a knowledgeable source, just remember a few basic tips of things not to do:

• Don’t keep the water level too high. If the water is too close to the edge of your pond, the Koi may have a tendency to jump out. A general rule of thumb is to allow six inches of clearance.

• Never change all the water in your Koi pond at once unless you have no other option. The stresses resulting from a sudden temperature change in water or movement can be unhealthy.

• Resist the temptation to put more fish in a small area. As Koi grow they will need more space, and like any aquarium, overcrowding is a bad idea

• Although fairly obvious, don’t let any fertilizer, insecticide, or pesticide into the environment. Don’t even use these on the garden plants. All those items can be extremely toxic to your Koi. While Koi can survive and do well in colder temperatures, they do best at warm temperatures at around 75 degrees Fahrenheit, and can survive at fewer than 65, but their immune systems tend to get sluggish when it gets colder. The best solution for most outdoor koi fish ponds is a heating system. There are several different options for outdoor heating systems, and once again, other Koi Fish Pond owners will be able to give you solid advice on how they go about this.

How to care for your Koi Fish and Koi Fish Pond

Caring for your Koi Fish will require consistent effort day to day, but is not overly difficult to the point where the work seems like a burden to the reward. Caring for the Koi requires some effort and a keen eye, but is easy once you repeat the motions a few times and become comfortable with the routine.

Koi Fish should be fed twice a day. Each meal should be five minutes long, and you should feed the Koi as much as they are willing to eat in those five minutes. The appetite of your Koi will vary based on season. With warm weather they become hungrier, with cold weather they become less so. Almost any aquatic pet store will have specialized Koi food, often times in the form of pellets. Allow them to eat whatever they will in those two five-minute sessions, but it is important not to overfeed! The two times are more than enough, and overfeeding is Koi is like over-medicating: there are only negative side effects to it.

Sickness & Treatment

Illnesses in Koi are rare because of the fish’s hardy immune system. Still, sickness does occur, but most sicknesses with Koi can be treated easily. If a Koi does appear ill (the most common signs are sluggishness, swimming alone, or hugging the bottom of the pond), place it in a separate tank until treated. Medications for common fish diseases are available at any aquatic pet stores.

When sickness does occur, it is usually caused by stress that causes a temporary break down in the Koi’s immune system. For a Koi to become ill, it usually requires an environmentally stressful (i.e. unhealthy) situation along with the actual disease agent. Controlling stress is the best way you can keep your Koi healthy, and like with many things, prevention is better (not to mention easier) than treatment.

Some of the most common causes of stress include:

• High ammonia level
• Handling and/or moving fish
• Bad water quality
• Overcrowding
• Parasites
• Water temperature either too high or too low
• Other toxic chemicals (chloramines, oak blossoms, weed spray, etc.)
• Sharp edges in and around pond
• Improper feeding

Avoiding these potential pitfalls will help you to keep healthy Koi.

There are four main sources of Koi illness:

• Bacterial,
• Viral,
• Fungal, and
• Parasitic.
The bacterial illnesses are one of the main causes of mortality among sick fish. Most bacterial infections are secondary results of some stress-causing stimulus. Once you fix the stress, the rest of your fish won’t be as likely to fall to the same bacterial agent. The one notable exception is “columaris,” which needs to be treated separately.

Most bacterial infections are still very treatable, and there are an entire series of acceptable treatments, including acriflavin, chloramphenicol, kanamycin, nitrofurans, oxytetracycline, and sulfanomides: which are delivered through various means. Consult an expert before giving treatment with one of these methods, and be sure not to over medicate. Koi are strong fish, and do not need a lot of help. If you’re not sure how much to give, shoot for the low number. Koi only need a little help, so under medicating will often still allow a full recovery, while over-medicating can be harmful.

Occasionally Koi can be sickened due to a fungal infection, which is usually secondary, but telltale of a different injury at the ame site. This can also damage fish eggs, and the most common treatments are acriflavin, iodine, malachite green, methylene blue, or salt. The best approach to this is best suggested from others who have already had to deal with this problem.

As with all fish, Koi can also fall prey to parasites. Some of the most common of these parasites will include anchor worm, fish lice, ich, monogenetic flukes, and tricholphyra. Most fish, in fact, carry some parasites, but usually develop a degree of resistance that will help to prevent problems. On the other hand, parasites such as anchor worms and fish lice are a problem whenever present. Young fish are more susceptible to illness caused by parasites than older fish.

Many times it will be stress situations and/or changes in seasonal weather that make Koi susceptible to infection. Some parasitic infections can be mistaken for bacterial diseases or viral infections. Recommended treatments include Dylox, Demilin, Formalin, Malachite Green, Masoten, potassium permanganate or salt to be place in the entire outdoor pond. Here are a few of the various methods of chemical treatment, (listed from basic to most drastic):

• External swabbing
• Dip – five minutes in a separate pond or aquarium
• Bath (30 to 60 minutes)
• Sick tank or whole pond (low concentration for 12 or more hours)
• Feed
• Injection

Treating the entire pond has the advantages of apparent ease of administration and the ability to destroy all the harmful pathogens in an entire area. The disadvantages are that drugs used in the treatment tend to be absorbed by organic debris in the pond, making potential toxins more likely to stick around. In addition, the appropriate drug levels may not be reached.

External swabbing with antibiotics or disinfectants can be surprisingly effective. The disadvantage is that the fish is exposed to handling and possibly anesthetics. This can be extremely stressful to an already ill Koi. Medication should be attempted only after the water quality and stress conditions have been improved. Partial water changes can be effective in improving water quality and relieving stress.

It is always a good idea to have several items ready, as kind of an “emergency kit” in case your Koi fish seem to be ill. A brief list of items that should be included are: Ammonia test kit, Chlorine/chloramine test kit, De-chlor, Demilin, Dylox, Formalin, Malachite green, Methylene blue, Nitrofuran powder, Panalog ointment, pH test kit, and rock salt. With those materials, you should be prepared for about any problem that may arise.

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